To delegate is to give, offer, confer, and allot a part of authority to subordinates. Large scale and complex nature are the important features of the modern organisations. Due to this management cannot perform all its tasks and thus they share their work with their subordinates. So this shared task along with the corresponding authority is called delegation of authority. Delegation of authority is the essence of management. It is one of the important factors in the process of organising and facilitates the existence of the formal organisation. With the help of the delegation manager calls his subordinates to render their help in accomplishing the organisational objectives. So, the practice of granting authority to a subordinate for getting things done from him is known as delegation of authority.
Definitions of Delegation of Authority
According to Prof. Haimann, "Delegation of authority merely means the granting of authority to subordinates to operate within prescribed limits."
According to F.G Moore, "Delegation of authority is meant by assigning jobs to others and giving rights to execute them."
Just as authority is the key to manager's job, delegation of authority is the key to organisation.
Features of Delegation of Authority
•1. The degree of delegation prescribes the limits within which a manager has to decide the things.
•2. Delegation of authority is made for getting cooperation from the subordinates.
•3. With the delegation of authority, the subordinate gets the authority but at the same time superior retains his own authority.
•4. Delegation of authority takes place from top to bottom and also horizontally.
•5. Authority which is once delegated can be changed i.e. increased, decreased and can be withdrawn according to the changing situations and the requirements.
•6. The officer who is delegating the authority should have control over his subordinates.
•7. Secret authorities are not delegated.