Recruitment has been described as the process of getting the potential employees who are willing to apply for the job. But selection is not an easier process. It is a problem of matching a man to the job. A well devised selection process is very essential for the organisation because if an employee selected once, he will remain in the company for the number of years. Faulty selection process will lead to low productivity and high labour turnover. The process of selection leads to employment of persons who possess the ability and qualifications to perform on the posts which are vacant in an organisation. The selection process divides the applicants into two categories, one who will be offered employment and the other who will not be offered employment. More candidates are rejected and less of them are selected, so it can also be called as rejection. This is the reason why selection is called a negative process. Selection is the process by which candidates for employment are distinguished between those who are suitable and those who are not.
Definition of Selection
According to Dale Yoder, “Selection is the process in which candidates for employment are divided in two classes, those who are to be offered employment, and those who are not.
According to Terry, “Selection involves a series of steps by which candidates are screened for choosing the most suitable persons for vacant jobs in the organisation”.
Selection of employees is the process of picking up the most competent and suitable candidates.